Indoor location is currently the subject of intensive research.


The main goal of researchers is to obtain a functional system capable of locating, identifying and guiding, as precisely as possible and in real time. To date, no solution has been able to achieve a location-navigation system as precise and successful as those developed in analogous research such as outdoor location. The main characteristic of a real time positioning system is to know the precise position of an object or individual within a building, which would make it possible to develop and offer a vast set of services, most notably those that aim to control access through the identification of users, security based on physical location, and applications that pursue a statistical objective or installation management.

The main reason for not having yet achieved this milestone is primarily due to technical issues and, to a greater extent, financial reasons. A GPS system simply requires a physical device that is connected in an open space to a finite number of satellites. On the other hand, a closed space requires the use of an existing infrastructure with a large number of stationary devices that act as beacons, which results in a high cost solution.

Due to the need of improving the accuracy and reducing cost in indoor location system, the research group has developed a hybrid location system with a multi-agent system that uses electromagnetic fields and different types of sensors to track elements such as people or devices.

Specifically, the proposed system has solved the problem to estimating the probabilities of belonging to the points previously scanned in the intensity maps. The intensity maps obtained indoors are created using some parameters. Each of the them contains the information of electromagnetic fields such as: Wi-Fi, GSM, GPRS, RFID, Bluetooth, ZigBee networks scanned in that moment and identified by a coordinate (x,y). The rows can contain more or less columns depending on the scanned intensities.

The deployment of these applications tends to take place in indoor locations such as hospitals, manufacturing plants, large warehouses or even with complementary systems such as GPS (Global Positioning System).

The system may display heat maps, locate in real time users and devices and set different alarms depending on their location. In addition, the system allows detecting anomalous routes by defining graphs using the information of previous routes of users and devices.

Some applications of this technology are:

  • Locate staff in hospitals, staff of surveillance and security.
  • Locate expensive devices.
  • Guidance in shopping malls, monuments and large building.



GUARDIAN: Electronic System to Protect Abuse Victims in High Risk Situations

Reference: IPT- 430000-2010-035

Funding body: Ministry of Science and Innovation(Innpacto 2010)

Collaborators: Nebusens and Oesía

Principal Research: Juan Manuel Corchado

Start date: 01-06-2010    End date: 01-03-2013




Development and deployment location system for Bilbao Underground.

Funding body: Oesia Networks, S.L.

Collaborators: Oesia Networks, S.L.

Principal Research: Juan Manuel Corchado Rodríguez

Start date: 01-05-2014    End date: 01-06-2014


Posted by Juan M. Corchado

Juan Manuel Corchado (15 de Mayo de 1971, Salamanca, España) Catedrático en la Universidad de Salamanca. Ha sido Vicerrector de Investigación desde el 2013 hasta el 2017 y Director del Parque Científico de la Universidad de Salamanca. Elegido dos veces como Decano de la Facultad de Ciencias, es Doctor en Ciencias de la Computación por la Universidad de Salamanca y, además, es Doctor en Inteligencia Artificial por la University of the West of Scotland. Dirige el Grupo de Investigación Reconocido BISITE (Bioinformática, Sistemas Inteligentes y Tecnología Educativa), creado en el año 2000. Director del IOT Digital Innovation Hub y presidente del AIR Institute, J. M. Corchado también es Profesor Visitante en el Instituto Tecnológico de Osaka desde enero de 2015, Profesor visitante en la Universiti Malaysia Kelantan y Miembro del Advisory Group on Online Terrorist Propaganda of the European Counter Terrorism Centre (EUROPOL). J. M. Corchado ha sido presidente de la asociación IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics, y coordinador académico del Instituto Universitario de Investigación en Arte y Tecnología de la Animación de la Universidad de Salamanca e investigador en las Universidades de Paisley (UK), Vigo (Spain) y en el Plymouth Marine Laboratory (UK). En la actualidad compagina toda su actividad con la dirección de los programas de Máster en Seguridad, Animación Digital, Telefonía Movil, Dirección de Sistemas de Información, Internet de las Cosas, Social Media, Diseño e Impresión 3D, Blockchain, Z System, Industria 4.0, Gestión de Proyectos Ágiles y Smart Cities & Intelligent Buildings​, en la Universidad de Salamanca y su trabajo como editor jefe de las revistas ADCAIJ (Advances in Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence Journal), OJCST (Oriental Journal of Computer Science and Technology) o Electronics MDPI (Computer Science & Engineering section). J. M. Corchado desarrolla principalmente trabajos en proyectos relacionados con Inteligencia Artificial, Machine Learning, Blockchain, IoT, Fog Computing, Edge Computing, Smart Cities, Smart Grids y Análisis de sentimiento.

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