Technology is advancing rapidly, now faster than ever. It may seem to many that researchers are now trying to implement Artificial Intelligence in almost every kind of object. This however is not entirely true. Those of us who have been working in the field of Artificial Intelligence for long, know that since decades it has been a fundamental element of many systems and that it took different shapes and forms as it envolved.

Artificial Intelligence is not the only prominent technology, many other concepts play an important role in new developments: Advanced IoT, Disruptive ICT, Edge Computing, Fog Computing, Cloud Computing, Blockchain, Internet of Value, Industry 4.0, Smart Cities, Smart Homes, Smart Grid, Connected Vehicle, Big Data, Reinforcement Learning, Social Computing, Natural Language Processing, etc. From distributed computing we moved on to cloud computing and now a new concept called fog computing has been introduced. Distributed computing facilitates access to data, information and processing in networks, and distributes processes between our computers. The cloud makes it easier for users to access computer services over the Internet, so they can have a terminal with no processing power and run their applications on the Internet. Where? Somewhere on the planet.
The fog computing technology is related to cloud and IoT (Internet of Things). This technology makes it possible to use the processing capacity of large computers and any other device that is close to us and is connected to the Internet. Its aim is to optimize, reduce costs and use all the small hardware that is available. The current challenge is the implementation of this technology, which will allow us to obtain a higher return on our investments in devices, as well as access the large computer systems that are available to us.

Posted by Juan M. Corchado

Juan Manuel Corchado (15 May 1971, Salamanca, Spain) is Professor at the University of Salamanca. He has been Vice-Rector for Research from 2013 to 2017 and Director of the Science Park of the University of Salamanca. Elected as Dean of the Faculty of Science twice, he holds a PhD in Computer Science from the University of Salamanca and a PhD in Artificial Intelligence from the University of the West of Scotland. He leads the renowned BISITE (Bioinformatics, Intelligent Systems and Educational Technology) Research Group, created in 2000. Director of the IoT Digital Innovation Hub and President of the AIR Institute, J. M. Corchado is also Visiting Professor at the Osaka Institute of Technology since January 2015, Visiting Professor at the Universiti Malaysia Kelantan and Member of the Advisory Group on Online Terrorist Propaganda of the European Counter Terrorism Centre (EUROPOL). J. M. Corchado has been president of the IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Society, and academic coordinator of the University Institute for Research in Art and Animation Technology at the University of Salamanca, as well as researcher at the Universities of Paisley (UK), Vigo (Spain) and the Plymouth Marine Laboratory (UK). He currently combines all his activity with the direction of Master programmes in Security, Digital Animation, Mobile Telephony, Information Systems Management, Internet of Things, Social Media, 3D Design and Printing, Blockchain, Z System, Industry 4.0, Agile Project Management, and Smart Cities & Intelligent Buildings, at the University of Salamanca and his work as editor-in-chief of the journals ADCAIJ (Advances in Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence Journal), OJCST (Oriental Journal of Computer Science and Technology) or Electronics MDPI (Computer Science & Engineering section). J. M. Corchado mainly works on projects related to Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Blockchain, IoT, Fog Computing, Edge Computing, Smart Cities, Smart Grids and Sentiment Analysis. He has recently been included in the board of trustees of the AstraZeneca Foundation, along with other health professionals and researchers recognised for bringing scientific knowledge closer to society.

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