In a 1 gram of soil we can find more than 1,000,000 microorganisms. It is surprising that in 2017 the scientific community has only been able to describe around 12,000 of them around the world and, of these, 63 of them are exclusive to Salamanca, having been identified thanks to the intense work carried out by microbiologist Martha Trujillo Toledo and her team in the Departmental Building of the University of Salamanca.

Most likely, it will never be possible to “identify all the species that make up the great microbial diversity that exists in the world,” Martha Trujillo pointed out to USAL Communication. Perhaps it is the exquisite rigor with which Trujillo performs her work that has led her to become the first woman ever chosen editor-in-chief of the most reputed international journal for the identification and taxonomy of microorganisms. The International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, a publication founded in 1951 and considered the leader by the highest institutional bodies in the field of microbiology, has never had a woman in the lead, that is, until this August, when Trujillo Toledo, professor of the Department of Microbiology and Genetics at the University of Salamanca, will take up the position.

Microbes Vs. Health: dismantling myths

Martha Trujillo describes microbiology as an exciting world because so much remains to be discovered, and surprising, because of the curious revelations that come out of these miniature natural realms that microscopes bring us closer to. It has been found that in each one of us there is an inherent microbial diversity, a “microbiome of each organism that is indisputably linked to the proper functioning of its system”, explains the scientist. For example, it has been verified that the body of a person hosts an average of 3 kg. of microorganisms and that the presence – or not – of certain ones, together with their interactions, can lead to the development of certain ailments such as “stomach ulcers”, she maintained.



More information: Comunicación Universidad de Salamanca

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Posted by Juan M. Corchado

Juan Manuel Corchado (15 de Mayo de 1971, Salamanca, España) Catedrático en la Universidad de Salamanca. Ha sido Vicerrector de Investigación desde el 2013 hasta el 2017 y Director del Parque Científico de la Universidad de Salamanca. Elegido dos veces como Decano de la Facultad de Ciencias, es Doctor en Ciencias de la Computación por la Universidad de Salamanca y, además, es Doctor en Inteligencia Artificial por la University of the West of Scotland. Dirige el Grupo de Investigación Reconocido BISITE (Bioinformática, Sistemas Inteligentes y Tecnología Educativa), creado en el año 2000. Director del IOT Digital Innovation Hub y presidente del AIR Institute, J. M. Corchado también es Profesor Visitante en el Instituto Tecnológico de Osaka desde enero de 2015, Profesor visitante en la Universiti Malaysia Kelantan y Miembro del Advisory Group on Online Terrorist Propaganda of the European Counter Terrorism Centre (EUROPOL). J. M. Corchado ha sido presidente de la asociación IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics, y coordinador académico del Instituto Universitario de Investigación en Arte y Tecnología de la Animación de la Universidad de Salamanca e investigador en las Universidades de Paisley (UK), Vigo (Spain) y en el Plymouth Marine Laboratory (UK). En la actualidad compagina toda su actividad con la dirección de los programas de Máster en Seguridad, Animación Digital, Telefonía Movil, Dirección de Sistemas de Información, Internet de las Cosas, Social Media, Diseño e Impresión 3D, Blockchain, Z System, Industria 4.0, Gestión de Proyectos Ágiles y Smart Cities & Intelligent Buildings​, en la Universidad de Salamanca y su trabajo como editor jefe de las revistas ADCAIJ (Advances in Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence Journal), OJCST (Oriental Journal of Computer Science and Technology) o Electronics MDPI (Computer Science & Engineering section). J. M. Corchado desarrolla principalmente trabajos en proyectos relacionados con Inteligencia Artificial, Machine Learning, Blockchain, IoT, Fog Computing, Edge Computing, Smart Cities, Smart Grids y Análisis de sentimiento.

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