Researchers from the University of Salamanca have discovered a biological method for inherited two-fold improvement of tomato plants which allows them to reach up to 30 percent more growth and provides them with effective protection against pathogens in successive generations.

A study carried out by researchers of the Hispano-Portuguese Institute for Agricultural Reseach(CIALE) in Salamanca reveals the growth potential of tomato plants induced by interaction with the fungus Trichoderma atroviride, which is transmitted to the next generations in addition to immunizing them from the nematode Meloidogyne javanica, one of their main pathogens and often a cause of important economic losses. This will mean a significant improvement in the yield of future harvests.

The The Phytopathology and Biological Control Group comprising Hugo Agripino de Medeiros, María Belén Rubio, Rosa Hermosa and Enrique Monte is working on a project to improve tomato crops using as a disease control agent the fungus Trichoderma atroviride, which is also known to improve up to 30% the growth of the plant on which it acts. Previous studies have indicated that having the fungus intervene on the roots of the plant can help it develop strong growth under normal conditions – without external pathogens or stressors, such as lack of water, higher soil salinity or excessive cold or heat. Similarly, T. atroviride is an effective remedy against the nematode Meloidogyne javanica, the main enemy of tomato crops that gets into the tissues of the root, forming infective galls that eventually kill the plant. The presence of Trichoderma in the root induces in the plant the production of defense-related phytohormones, such as salicylic acid, jasmonic acid and ethylene, achieving a 42% reduction in the number of galls generated by this small worm, 60% less eggs deposited and a decrease of up to 90% of adult individuals who finally manage to colonize it. A third improvement due to the presence of the fungus in the plant is the better resistance it has to the external stressors mentioned above.

Until now it was thought that Trichoderma could act only in one way or the other: if it combated the nematode it did not promote growth and vice versa, if it boosted growth, it could not fight the pathogens. This is because either of these actions entails such a high energy expenditure for the plant that it has to economize its use, either for improvement or defense strategies.

However, the experiment led by Enrique Monte and published in the prestigious Scientific Reports of the Nature group shows that a plant treated with T. atroviride produces seeds that give rise to a next generation of plants that are bigger and at the same time more resistant to pathogens like M. javanica, and thus we obtain a doubly improved plant in a natural way.

Posted by Juan M. Corchado

Juan Manuel Corchado (15 de Mayo de 1971, Salamanca, España) Catedrático en la Universidad de Salamanca. Ha sido Vicerrector de Investigación desde el 2013 hasta el 2017 y Director del Parque Científico de la Universidad de Salamanca. Elegido dos veces como Decano de la Facultad de Ciencias, es Doctor en Ciencias de la Computación por la Universidad de Salamanca y, además, es Doctor en Inteligencia Artificial por la University of the West of Scotland. Dirige el Grupo de Investigación Reconocido BISITE (Bioinformática, Sistemas Inteligentes y Tecnología Educativa), creado en el año 2000. Director del IOT Digital Innovation Hub y presidente del AIR Institute, J. M. Corchado también es Profesor Visitante en el Instituto Tecnológico de Osaka desde enero de 2015, Profesor visitante en la Universiti Malaysia Kelantan y Miembro del Advisory Group on Online Terrorist Propaganda of the European Counter Terrorism Centre (EUROPOL). J. M. Corchado ha sido presidente de la asociación IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics, y coordinador académico del Instituto Universitario de Investigación en Arte y Tecnología de la Animación de la Unviersidad de Salamanca e investigador en las Universidades de Paisley (UK), Vigo (Spain) y en el Plymouth Marine Laboratory (UK). En la actualidad compagina toda su actividad con la dirección de los programas de Máster en Seguridad, Animación Digital, Telefonía Movil, Dirección de Sistemas de Información, Internet de las Cosas, Social Media, Diseño e Impresión 3D, Blockchain, Z System, Industria 4.0, Gestión de Proyectos Ágiles y Smart Cities & Intelligent Buildings​, en la Universidad de Salamanca y su trabajo como editor jefe de las revistas ADCAIJ (Advances in Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence Journal), OJCST (Oriental Journal of Computer Science and Technology) o Electronics MDPI (Computer Science & Engineering section). J. M. Corchado desarrolla principalmente trabajos en proyectos relacionados con Inteligencia Artificial, Machine Learning, Blockchain, IoT, Fog Computing, Edge Computing, Smart Cities, Smart Grids y Análisis de sentimiento.

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